pek̂-2

    pek̂-2
    English meaning: to fleece; cattle
    Deutsche Übersetzung: “Wolle or Haare rupfen, zausen”
    Material: O.Ind. páśu-, paśú- n., gen. paśváḥ; paśú- m. “Vieh”; Av. pasu- m. “Vieh” (mostly still ‘small cattle”), in compound fśū̆-, -fśū̆-, wherewith O.Ind. kšu-mǘ n- “nahrungsreich”, puru-kšú ds. (twice also basic kśu) as Diss.-forms for pśu- identical; = Lat. pecū, -ūs n. “a head of cattle, beast, brute, animal, one of a herd”, next to which pecus, -oris n. (formal = Gk. τὸ πέκος), pecus, -ŭdis f. ds.; derivatives pecūnia “property, riches, wealth”, pecūlium “property”; Umbr. pequo pl. n. “ pecua “; = Goth. faíhu “ possession, fortune”, O.Ice. fē, O.E. feoh, O.S. fehu, O.H.G. fihu “Vieh”; = Lith. pekus, O.Pruss. pecku “Vieh” (WestIE Gutt.); Goth. bi-, ga-faíhon “ũbervorteilen” are after W. Wissmann (The ältesten Postverbalia 79 ff.) Denominativa from faíhu, and bi-faíh “deceit” is noun post-verbal; Arm. asr, gen. asu ‘schafwolle, Fließ”, asveɫ “fleecy” (*pok̂u + r, with а from о in offenerAnlautsilbe); Gk. πέκω (= Lith. pešù ), πέκτω (= Lat. pectō, O.H.G. fehtan), πεκτέω “comb, schere”, πέκος n. “Fließ, wool”, πόκος m.; “Fließ”, κτείς, κτενός “comb” (from zero grade *πκτεν-; Lat. pecten); Alb. pilë “tool zum Flachskämmen, -hecheln” (*pek̂lü); Lat. pectō, -ere, pexī “comb”, pecten, -inis “comb”, Umbr. petenata “ pectinatam “; O.H.G. O.S. fehtan, O.E. feohtan “fechten”; O.H.G. O.S. fahs, O.E. feax “( head)-haar”, O.Ice. fax “Mähne” (*-pok̂-s-o-, compare den es-stem πέκος), O.Ice. fǣ r, O.S. für ‘sheep” (*fahaz = πόκος), O.S. fǣ t (*fahti-) “wool, Fließ”, O.E. feht “Fließ”, Dutch vacht f. “wool, Schur”, O.E. fihl “ a piece of cloth, garment of cloth “; Lith. pešù , pèšti “pluck, an den Haaren zausen”, Iter. pašý ti, susipẽšti “to tear, rend”. Here probably O.Ind. pakṣ-man- n. “eyelashes, hair”, pakṣ-malá- “with starken eyelashes, dichthaarig”, Av. pašna- n. “eyelid”, compare in not so spezialisierter meaning Pers. pašm “wool”. common O.Ind. -ĝh- > -kṣ- : Avestan -ĝh- > -xš-, -š- phonetic mutation
    References: WP. II 16 f., WH. 11 269 f., 270 ff., Trautmann 217, Specht KZ 68, 205 ff.

Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary. 2015.

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